Mainstone Rowland

UK Building Research Establishment, responsible for a wide variety of structural and architectural research focused on current problems and design procedures including, for instance, studies of structural interactions in bridges and framed buildings and structural responses to normal, occasional, and accidental dynamic loads.

consultant on structural aspects of building conservation and restoration, especially of major historic buildings in seismic areas;
Professor/ Visiting Professor of architecture, structures, and structural conservation at University College, London, University of Leeds, and Catholic University of Leuven.

1948-present (in parallel with the above):
extensive historical researches (partly in association with Harvard and Carnegie-Melon Universities) into the history of architecture and construction.


numerous publications of the structural and architectural researches referred to above and related contributions to guidance documents, monographs (such as Planning and design of tall buildings, vol. CL: Tall building criteria and loading, American Society of Civil Engineers, 1980), etc.

a) numerous papers on aspects of the history of architecture and construction including:
– “Structural theory and design before 1742”, Architectural Review, vol. CXLIII, 1968, 303-310.
– “Brunelleschi’s dome of S.Maria del Fiore and some related structures”, Transactions of the Newcomen Society, vol. XLII, 1969-70, 107-126.
– “Intuition and the springs of structural invention”, VIA (Graduate School of Fine Arts, University of Pennsylvania), vol. 2, 1973, 42-63.
– “Brunelleschi’s dome”, Architectural Review, vol. CLXII, 1977, 156-166, 320.
– “The first and second churches of San Marco reconsidered”, Antiquaries Journal, vol. LXXI, 1991, 123-137.
– “Sinan’s Suleymaniye Mosque and Hagia Sophia”, Public Assembly structures from antiquity to the present, Mimar Sinan University, Istanbul, 1993, 53-62.
– “The structural conservation of Hagia Sophia”, Structural repair and maintenance of historical buildings III, Southampton and Boston, 1993, 3-14.
– “The springs of invention revisited”, Structural Engineer, vol.73, 1995, 392-99.
– “Structural analysis, structural understanding, and historical interpretation”, Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, vol. 56, 1997, 316-339.
– “The dome of St Peters: structural aspects of its design and construction and inquiries into its stability”, AA files, no. 39, 1999, 21-39.
– “Domes: a structural overview”, Domes 2000, Society of Architectural Historians annual symposium, 2000, 1-14.
– “Reflections on the related histories of construction and design”, 1st International Congress on Construction History, 2003, vol.1, 49-60.

b) books and monographs:
– Developments in structural form, Allen Lane and MIT Press, 1975, Penguin and MIT Press, 1982.
– The seventeenth century (Cambridge introduction to the history of art), Cambridge University Press, 1981 (with M F Mainstone).
– Building construction under seismic conditions in the Balkan region, 6: Repair and strengthening of historical monuments and buildings in urban nuclei, UNIDO, Vienna, 1984.
– Hagia Sophia – architecture, structure and liturgy of Justinian’s Great Church, Thames and Hudson, 1988.
– Developments in structural form, extensively revised and expanded 2nd edition, Architectural Press, 1998.
– Structure in architecture: history, design and innovation (Variorum Collected Studies Series), Ashgate, 1999.

c) numerous contributions to other books including:
– “Building and architecture”, in A history of technology VII: The twentieth century, Oxford University Press, 1978, 930-957.
– “Structural design, elements, systems and processes”, Macmillan Encylopedia of Architecture and Technological Change, 1979, 164-197.
– “The Eddystone Lighthouse”, in John Smeaton FRS, Thomas Telford, 1981, 83-102.
– “Rome and the Roman Empire”, “The Byzantine Empire”, etc. in Sir Banister Fletcher’s A History of Architecture, 19th edition., Butterworths, 1987, 159-163, 169-171, 176-178, 180-186, 210-306. (also in 20th edition, Architectural Press, 1996)
– “Stability concepts from the Renaissance to today”, in Stable-unstable?, Leuven University Press, 1988, 65-78.
-“Einflusse der Konstruktion auf die Form von Kuppeln und Gewolben” in Zur Geschite des Konstruierens, DVA, Stuttgart, 1989, 211-223.
– “Characteristics and assessment of old masonry structures”, in Structural conservation of stone masonry, ICCROM, Rome, 1990, 63-76.
– “Materials and structure” in The Palace of the Sun: the Louvre of Louis XIV, Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993, 65-74 (in association with R W Berger).
– “Brunelleschi’s problem: the construction of masonry and concrete domes” in Architettura e tecnologia, Nuova Argos, 2002, 15-27.